النتائج 1 إلى 7 من 7



الموضوع: بحث علمي في آية خلق الانسان

  1. #1
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Jul 2007
    الدولة
    منصورة أرض الجنود
    المشاركات
    152

    افتراضي بحث علمي في آية خلق الانسان

    السلام عليكم
    اليوم أنقل بين أيديكم بحث علمي رائع قدمه لنا زميلي الدكتور / ابراهيم كبشة .. بكلية
    طب الزقازيق ونظرا لعدم وجود قسم خاص بالاعجاز العلمي في القرآن والسنة آثرت أن أنقله الي قسم العلاج الطبيعي لعل الله يزيد به عدد الوافدين اليه
    وأتمني الا ينقله أحد من السادة المشرفين

    ************** ************* ******************* *************** ******
    Sulala :
    * Allah the Almighty says:
    " الَّذِي أَحْسَنَكُلَّ شَيْءٍ خَلَقَهُ وَبَدَأَ خَلْقَ الْإِنسَانِ مِن طِينٍ . ثُمَّ جَعَلَنَسْلَهُ مِن سُلَالَةٍ مِّن مَّاء مَّهِينٍ"(السجدة : 7- 8 ).
    “He It is Who created all things in the best way and began the creation of man from clay, and made his progeny from an extract of despised fluid (Sulalah) ” ( 32: 7-8 ).
    “Sulalah” in Arabic means “very little water” or “a drop of water”. This coincides with man’s water which contain sperms as part of its components (this is one of the meanings of Sulalah).
    The other meaning of Sulalah is "extract", means the essential or best part of something. This indicating that the origin of creation is from only part of man's fluid and not all of it.
    Nutfa :
    * Clarifying the role of the "Nutfa" in creation, He the Almighty says:
    " فَلْيَنظُرِ الْإِنسَانُمِمَ خُلِقَ. خُلِقَ مِنمَّاء دَافِقٍ " ( الطارق : 5- 6 ).
    “So, let man consider of what he was created . He was created of gushing water ” ( 86: 5-6 ).
    And also says:
    " خَلَقَ الإِنسَانَ مِن نُّطْفَةٍ فَإِذَا هُوَ خَصِيمٌ مُّبِينٌ " ( النحل : 4 ).
    “He has created man from a sperm (fluid-drop) and behold this same (man) becomes an open disputer.” ( 16: 4 ).
    The Quran tells us also that the essence of man is not the whole semen, Allah says:
    " أَيَحْسَبُ الْإِنسَانُ أَن يُتْرَكَ سُدًى ، أَلَمْ يَكُ نُطْفَةً مِّن مَّنِيٍّ يُمْنَى " ( القيامة : 36- 37 ).
    "Does man think that he will be left uncontrolled (without purpose)? Was he not once a fluid-drop of ejected semen?" ( 75: 36-37 ).
    As we have seen , the Quran informs us that man is made not from the entire semen, but only a small part of it. The divine statement also reiterates that man’s characteristics are determined and decreed in the nutfa stage, as He says:
    " إِنَّا خَلَقْنَا الإِنسَانَ مِنْ نُطْفَةٍ أَمْشَاجٍ نَبْتَلِيهِ فَجَعَلْنَاهُ سَمِيعًا بَصِيرًا " ( الإنسان : 2 ).
    “Verily We created man of a fluid-drop (nutfa), mingling (amshaj) , in order to try him: so We gave him (the gifts of) hearing and sight.” ( 76: 2 ).
    The mingled nutfa in this verse reveals the Quran miraculous nature. Nutfa, in Arabic, is a single small drop of water, but it was described here as (amshaj), which means its structure consists of combined mixtures. This fits with the scientific finding, as the zygote is shaped as a drop, and is simultaneously a mixture of male fluid chromosomes and female ovum chromosomes.

    Of hundreds of sperms, only one can fertilize the ovum.
    * It is clear that mankind did not realize that the embryo is created of a man’s sperm mingled with a woman’s ovum except in the 18th century, and only to be confirmed at the beginning of the 20th century.
    It has been agreed upon by commentators of the Holy Quran that “amshaj” means mingling, as man’s water mingles with that of the woman, and this is also what the Prophet (peace be upon him) confirmed in one of his speeches.
    Imam Ahmed indicated in his book “Al Musnad” that a Jew passed by the Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) while he was addressing his companions. Some people from Quarish said; “O Jew! This man proclaims that he is a prophet.” The Jew said: “ I will ask him of something no one knows except a prophet.” He asked the prophet (PBUH); “ O Mohammed! What is man created from? The Prophet (PBUH) said; “O Jew! Man is created from both: man’s fluid (nutfa) and woman’s fluid.” The Jew said; “This is said by those prophets before you.” .
    * Has anyone ever thought, before the Quran was revealed, that man’s nutfa, when ejected, is responsible for determining if the embryo will be male or female? Has this ever occurred to one’s mind? The Quran says:
    "وَأَنَّهُ خَلَقَ الزَّوْجَيْنِ الذَّكَرَ وَالْأُنثَىِ . مننُّطْفَةٍ إِذَا تُمْنَى "( النجم : 45- 46 ).
    “That He created the pairs, male and female, from a fluid-drop sperm as it is emitted.” ( 53: 45 -46).
    Confirming that man’s gender as male or female is determined when the sperm drop is emitted. Who told the Prophet Mohammed that the sperm (nutfa) with one of its types (Y) or (X) is responsible for determining the sex of the embryo? This was not discovered except after the invention of microscopes in the past century, when it was possible then to know that the embryo being a male or female is only determined by the sperm (nutfa), rather than the ovum. In other words, we were in the beginning of the 20th century and the whole of mankind were not aware that the nutfa decrees if the embryo is male or female. While the Quran, which was revealed 14 centuries ago, has stated this fact in a very clear manner.
    * Here is a remarkable note!

    Germ cells then migrate.
    It is known that the sperms are formed in the testicles, which in turn are created, as proved by embryology, from cells underneath the kidneys at the back and then go down to the lower abdomen at the last weeks of pregnancy.
    This is in confirmation of Allah’s saying :
    " وإذ أخذ ربك من بني آدم من ظهورهم ذريتهم " ( الأعراف : 172 ).
    “And remember when your Lord brought forth from the children of Adam, from their loins, their seeds…” ( 7: 172 ).
    This is a clear indication that the origin of progeny is at the region of the back where the embryonic testicles are formed.
    * The uterus, as we know, is considered as a place safe for the growth and protection of the embryo. We find that Quran mentions and affirms this fact " a place of settlement (Makeen) " as He Almighty says:
    "فَجَعَلْنَاهُ فِيقَرَارٍ مَّكِينٍ .إِلَى قَدَرٍ مَّعْلُومٍ .فَقَدَرْنَا فَنِعْمَالْقَادِرُونَ "(المرسلات :21-23).
    ”The which (embryo) We placed in a place of settlement, firmly fixed for a period (of gestation), determined. For We do determine, for We are the best to determine (things)." ( 77: 21-23 ).

    Izam " Bones ":
    Embryo on the 42nd day

    * The term of “izam” (bones), coined by Quran, accurately expresses this stage in the life of the embryo, which includes the external appearance and is considered the most important change in the internal structure, with its associated new relations among body organs and regularity of embryo shape. This stage is clearly distinguished from the preceding stage of mudgha (chewed-like lump of flesh). Allah says;
    " فَخَلَقْنَا الْمُضْغَةَ عِظَامًا فَكَسَوْنَا الْعِظَامَ لَحْمًا ثُمَّ أَنشَأْنَاهُ خَلْقًا آخَرَ فَتَبَارَكَ اللَّهُ أَحْسَنُ الْخَالِقِينَ " (المؤمنون : 14 ).
    “Then We made out of that mudgha (chewed-like lump of flesh) bones and clothed the bones with flesh; then We developed out of it another creature. So blessed be Allah, the best to create.” ( 23: 14 ).
    Bone formation is a notable process in this stage, as embryo is transformed from the image of mudgha which has no features of human image to the beginning of the skeleton image in a very short period of no more than few days at the end of the 6th week ; therefore, the quranic verse uses the Arabic conjunctive article (fa) instead of (thumma) to indicate quick sequence of events.

    Embryo on the 44th day

    * After 42 nights (6 weeks), the embryo begins to take the human image with the appearance of cartilaginous skeleton, then the external genitals begin to appear later on (the 10th week). In the 7th week the human image gets clearer with the start of the spread of skeleton. This week represents (between 40 and 45 days) the demarcation line between mudgha and human image.
    This skeleton gives the embryo the image of a human being after being clothed with lahm (muscles). The two eyes and the two lips then appear, and the head is differentiated from the trunk and the limbs. This is in accordance with the Prophet’s (PBUH) saying in "Sahih Muslim";
    When 42 nights have passed over the conception , Allah sends an angel to it, who shapes it (into human form) and makes its ears, eyes, skin, muscles and bones. Then he says; ` O Lord, is it male or female?`, and your Lord decides what He wishes and the angel records it.”
    So, it is well proved that the Quran's words are very well contrived and scientifically accurate, as they are composed by Allah Who has perfected everything.

    Embryo on the 48th day

    Lahm " Muscles ":
    * This stage is characterized with muscles encircling and tightly surrounding the bones. With the completion of clothing the bones with lahm (muscles and flesh), the human image starts to be more clear, as human parts are appropriately connected.
    This stage, which starts at the end of the 7th week and ends at the end of the 8th week, is considered as the end of the stage of takhaloq (formation).
    Embryologists termed the end of the 8th week as the end of the embryology stage followed by the foetus stage which coincides with the Nash’ah (developing) stage as Quran stated. Allah says;
    " فَكَسَوْنَا الْعِظَامَ لَحْمًا ثُمَّ أَنشَأْنَاهُ خَلْقًا آخَرَ فَتَبَارَكَ اللَّهُ أَحْسَنُ الْخَالِقِينَ " ( المؤمنون : 14 ).

    Embryo on the 56th day

    “And clothed the bones with flesh; then We developed out of it another creature. So blessed be Allah, the best to create.” ( 23: 14 ).
    * Until very recently, embryologists assumed that the bones and muscles in an embryo developed at the same time. For this reason, for a long time, some people claimed that these verses conflicted with science.
    Yet, advanced microscopic research conducted by virtue of new technological developments has revealed that the revelation of the Quran is word for word correct. These observations at the microscopic level showed that the development inside the mother's womb takes place in just the way it is described in the verses. First, the cartilage tissue of the embryo ossifies. Then muscular cells that are selected from amongst the tissue around the bones come together and wrap around the bones. After the development of the cartilaginous skeleton, clothing it with muscles, and the head and the limbs are distinguished, the embryo changes into a human creature well differentiated from other creatures.
    Nash'ah :

    Embryo on the 84th day (Nash’ah: formation of another creature).
    * During this stage, some important processes occur in the development of the embryo, which are clearly described in the Holy Quran and can be summarized as follows:
    1- Nash’ah (developing) which is clearly noticed in the accelerated rate of growth at the 9th week compared with the previous stages.
    2- Khalqan Akhar (another creature): this description coincides with the first one and indicates that the embryo has changed in the nash’ah stage into another creature, i.e., the foetus.
    Limbs and external organs begin to appear, and fingers and external genitalia are distinguished. Allah the Almighty says;
    " هوَ الَّذِي يُصَوِّرُكُمْ فِي الأَرْحَامِ كيف يَشَاء لاَ إِلَـهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ " (آل عمران : 6 ).

    Embryo on the 112th day (Unborn baby is sucking his thumb).
    “He it is Who shapes you in the wombs as He pleases. There is no god but He, the Exalted in Might, the Wise.” ( 3: 6 ).
    * Here is an exquisite remark. Allah says in Surat Al Zumar;
    " يَخْلُقُكُمْ فِي بُطُونِ أُمَّهَاتِكُمْ خَلْقًا مِن بَعْدِ خَلْقٍ فِي ظُلُمَاتٍ ثَلَاثٍ " (الزمر : 6 ).
    “He creates you in the wombs of your mothers in stages, one after another, in three veils of darkness.” ( 39: 6 ).
    Thus indicating the continuation of the embryonic development and the change from one stage into another.
    * Embryologists have confirmed that the foetus is surrounded, during the stages of development, with three membranes:
    1- The amnion membrane which contains a fluid encompassing the foetus to make it in a state of swimming, thus protecting it from trauma that the uterus encounters, and facilitates the foetus movements for re-position smoothly during labour.

    Three layers protect the foetus.
    2- The chorion membrane.
    3- The decidua membrane.
    Some scholars interpreted the three veils of darkness with the amniotic membrane surrounding the uterus, wall of uterus, and abdomen wall.
    * Now, the foetus becomes ready for life outside the womb after completion of the 6th month. It is noticed that the Quranic statement indicates in Surat Ahqaf that the stage of conception and incubation takes 30 months;
    " وَحَمْلُهُ وَفِصَالُهُ ثَلاثُونَ شَهْرًا " ( الأحقاف : 15 ).
    The bearing of him (the child) and the weaning of him is thirty months ” (46: 15 ).
    Whereas in Surat Luqman, it is indicated that the period of incubation is 24 months;
    " وَفِصَالُهُ فِي عَامَيْنِ " ( لقمان : 14).
    “And in two years was his weaning.” ( 31: 14 ).
    With a simple calculation, we deduce that the quranic statement decides that the least period of conception is 6 months, and before the 22nd week, in which this stage starts, the foetus is delivered abortus (not able to survive) in most cases. Praise be to Allah is the Omniscient.
    * It is very interesting to mention that the first sense to develop in a developing human embryo is hearing. The foetus can hear sounds after the 24th week. Subsequently, the sense of sight is developed and by the 28th week, the retina becomes sensitive to light. Consider the following Quranic verses related to the development of the senses in the embryo. Allah says;
    " وَجَعَلَ لَكُمُ السَّمْعَ وَالْأَبْصَارَ وَالْأَفْئِدَة " ( السجدة : 9 ).
    "And HE gave You (the faculties of) hearing and sight and feeling (And understanding)" (32: 9 ).
    " وَهُوَ الَّذِي أَنْشَأَ لَكُمُ السَّمْعَ وَالْأَبْصَارَ وَالْأَفْئِدَةَ قَلِيلًا مَا تَشْكُرُونَ "( المؤمنون : 78 ).
    "It is HE WHO has created For you (the faculties of) Hearing, sight, feeling And understanding:little thanks It is ye give" ( 23: 78 ).
    In these verses the sense of hearing is mentioned before the sense of sight. Thus the Quranic description matches with the discoveries in modern embryology that the sense of hearing is develops before the sense of sight.

    Labour :

    The baby takes his first breaths of air.
    * Labour, which ends with delivery, is comprised of 4 stages:
    1- Stage of dilatation of cervix and contraction of uterus muscle.
    2- Stage of delivering the foetus. This stage takes about 30-50 minutes, and starts after enough dilatation of cervix. As a result of consequent uterus contractions, foetus head starts to emerge first. It is striking that the diameter of foetus head may exceed 12 cm., i.e., normally triple the diameter of vaginal canal. Having considered this fact, and the role of self hormonal factors, in addition to the expansion of pelvis ligatures and muscles, that all facilitate the delivery of the foetus, we realize the wisdom underlying Allah’s saying;
    " ثُمَّ السَّبِيلَ يَسَّرَهُ " ( عبس : 20 ).
    “Then He makes his path smooth for him.” ( 80: 20 ).
    3-Stage of placenta emergence and the formation of blood clot behind the placenta
    4-Stage of uterus contraction.

    مشكورييييييييييييييييييين علي الاطلاع

  2. #2
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Jul 2007
    الدولة
    مصر -قنا
    المشاركات
    206

    افتراضي

    شكرا اخى الكريم على الموضوع

  3. #3
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Jul 2007
    الدولة
    منصورة أرض الجنود
    المشاركات
    152

    افتراضي

    جزاكم الله خيرا اخي محمد

  4. #4
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Jun 2007
    الدولة
    الكويت
    المشاركات
    229

    افتراضي

    تشكرااااااااااااااااااات على هالموضوع القيم << على فكره مافهمت الا الآيات

  5. #5
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Jul 2007
    الدولة
    منصورة أرض الجنود
    المشاركات
    152

    افتراضي

    اقتباس المشاركة الأصلية كتبت بواسطة بدوية وكلي فخر مشاهدة المشاركة
    تشكرااااااااااااااااااات على هالموضوع القيم << على فكره مافهمت الا الآيات
    ههههههههه
    لو تأمري أكتبه لك كله بالعربي

    لكن الخلاصة ان مراحل تطور الجنين علميا لو نصفها بكلمات مختصرة
    توضح المضمون لكانت كلمات القرآن وليس بديلا عنها
    سلالة ... وسلالة الشيء هي بعضه ومن اكفأه ... لذا كان حيوان منوي واحد مثلا
    وأحسن الحيوانات واقواها

    وكذلك كل الكلمات من بعدها كمثل
    نطفة
    علقة... والجنين حقا يكون معلق
    مضغة .. كالقطعة الممضوغة .. وكما تنقل الآيات وجد اجزاء مخلقة واخري غير مخلقة
    ثم العظام ... وكان يعتقد ان اللحم ينمو قبل العظم
    ولكن وجد حديثا بالبحث ان الخلايا الجنينية للعظام تتميز قبل تميز خلايا المكونة للحم
    ولكن بوقت صغير لذا قال الله ( فكسونا العظام لحما ) والفاء تعبير سريع ليس كمثل لفظة ثم
    أما قوله ( ثم انشأنا خلقا اخر ) فتأخذ وقت طويل لمرحلة اخري فعلا

    مشكورة لمرورك يا بدوية

  6. #6
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Jun 2007
    الدولة
    الكويت
    المشاركات
    229

    افتراضي

    يسلموووووووووو جزاك الله كل خير ماقصرت والله

  7. #7
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Jul 2007
    الدولة
    منصورة أرض الجنود
    المشاركات
    152

    افتراضي

    اقتباس المشاركة الأصلية كتبت بواسطة بدوية وكلي فخر مشاهدة المشاركة
    يسلموووووووووو جزاك الله كل خير ماقصرت والله
    سلمك الله
    وشكر لك


ضوابط المشاركة

  • لا تستطيع إضافة مواضيع جديدة
  • لا تستطيع الرد على المواضيع
  • لا تستطيع إرفاق ملفات
  • لا تستطيع تعديل مشاركاتك
  •