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الموضوع: انفلونزه الخنازير-h1n1 - بحث شامل

  1. #1
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Mar 2007
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    مصــــــــــــ ام الدنيا ــــــــــر
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    افتراضي انفلونزه الخنازير-h1n1 - بحث شامل

    السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته
    أنفلونزه الخنازير H1N1
    بحث قام به فريق طلاب التوعية الصحية بالقصر العيني
    Students of Health Awarness



    Swine Flu-H1N1


    Frequently Asked Questions About 2009 H1N1 Flu Virus Updated May 1, 2009
    The recent outbreak of a new strain of H1N1 influenza among people in North America has heightened awareness of this type of influenza commonly called "swine flu," and has raised fears of a 2009 H1N1 flu epidemic or even a pandemic. These questions and answers are based on what is currently known about the virus, and will be updated as we get new information
    The swine flu is officially pandemic and WHO (World Health Organization) announced alert 5 in Egypt.

    Q: What is swine flu

    A: Swine flu is a respiratory disease caused by type A influenza virus that regularly causes outbreaks of influenza in pigs. The "classical" swine flu virus (an influenza type A H1N1 virus) was first isolated from a pig in 1930. Swine flu viruses cause illness in pigs, but the death rates are low. This new virus, although it is being called "swine flu," is not the same
    virus
    .
    Q: How does this virus differ from bird flu

    A: The 2009 H1N1 flu virus is an entirely different virus than the bird flu you've been hearing about in the news. Among these differences is that humans infected with bird flu were infected by direct contact with sick birds, and this new virus is
    not spread by contact with animals.

    Q: Did this flu come from pigs
    Can I catch it from pigs
    A: Although this new influenza was originally labeled as a "swine flu," it is being spread from person to person, not from pigs to people. None of the U.S. cases had contact with pigs. In addition, no U.S. pigs have been found to be infected with this flu strain. At this time, we don't know exactly where the virus came from. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) are investigating the cases.

    Q: How did the new virus develop? Where did it come from

    A: In general, influenza viruses commonly stick to one species when it comes to infection; for example, dogs and cats don't get seasonal flu from their owners. However, under the right conditions, influenza viruses from different species are capable of mixing and swapping DNA (this is called re-assortment), resulting in a new virus. Swine flu can merge with other influenza viruses, such as avian or human flu, to produce new strains. The 2009 H1N1 flu virus consists of North American swine influenza viruses, North American avian influenza viruses, human influenza viruses and swine influenza viruses
    found in both Asia and Europe.




    Q: Can my pet get the 2009 H1N1 virus

    A: To date, there is no evidence that pets are susceptible to this new strain of influenza; it appears to be transmitted solely from person to person.

    Q: There are feral pigs in my area. Can they spread the 2009 H1N1 virus
    A: Since this virus hasn't been found in pigs, feral pigs are not likely to catch or spread the disease. However, they can spread other diseases, and it is best to avoid contact with them—this goes for you and your animals. Feral pigs are best left to the proper authorities to handle, so contact your local animal control office if you need to report a feral pig problem.

    Q: I keep hearing the words "pandemic" and "epidemic." What do they mean, and what is the difference?
    A: An epidemic is a marked rise in disease in an area. This new virus is certainly causing an epidemic. This is not unusual for a new virus—because people have not been exposed to the virus before, their immune systems aren't ready to fight it off, and more people become ill. The SARS epidemic of 2003 is an example. A pandemic is like an epidemic that's expanded to a larger area. In most cases, "pandemic" is used to describe a world-wide epidemic of disease. The 1918 Spanish flu and the Black Plague are extreme examples of pandemics. Keep in mind, though, that a pandemic doesn't necessarily mean millions of deaths—it means a widespread epidemic.

    Q: Will this become a pandemic
    A: That remains to be seen. The appropriate responses are
    caution and increased awareness, not panic

  2. #2
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Mar 2007
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    مصــــــــــــ ام الدنيا ــــــــــر
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    افتراضي

    Q: How should I protect myself from getting the 2009 H1N1 virus

    -stay away from confined public places
    (crowded smoky clubs, etc)

    Stay away from social kissing, Use handshakes



    Stock up on any critical medications you or your loved
    ones consume regularly

    -Stay away from Shisha.

    -Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, then dispose of the tissue—flu and cold germs are spread mainly by person-to-person contact and the coughing or sneezing of infected people.
    -Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze.



    . Q: Can I get the 2009 H1N1 virus from eating pork
    A: No. There are no reported cases of the 2009 H1N1 flu virus in people from eating pork. This new virus is not a food-borne disease. However, good food hygiene is always recommended
    to protect yourself and your family from disease.

    Q: Are there medicines to treat infection with this new virus? Yes. CDC recommends the use of Oseltamivir or Zanamivir for the treatment and/or prevention of infection with these new influenza A (H1N1) viruses. Antiviral drugs are prescription medicines (pills, liquid or an inhaler) that fight against the flu by keeping flu viruses from reproducing in your body.

    Q: Warning signs
    A: If you become ill and experience any of the following warning signs, seek emergency medical care. In children emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include:



    Fast breathing or trouble breathing



    Bluish or gray skin color



    Not drinking enough fluids



    Not waking up or not interacting



    Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held



    Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough



    Fever with a rash
    In adults, emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include:



    Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath



    Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen



    Sudden dizziness



    Confusion



    Severe or persistent vomiting




  3. #3
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Mar 2008
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    فلسطين
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    افتراضي

    معلومات شافيه ووافيه
    اريد منك ان انقل الموضوع لمناقشه مع الزملاء
    تحياتي

  4. #4
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Jun 2008
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    الاردن
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    1

    افتراضي

    كل الشكر لك يا طبيبه على هذه المعلومه وبعد اذنك حنقل بعض المعلومات من البحث وشكرا جزيلا

  5. #5
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Apr 2009
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    amman-jordan
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    افتراضي

    thanks alot

  6. #6
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Jun 2009
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    مصر
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    افتراضي

    شكرا جزيلا
    جزاكم الله خيرا
    تحياتى

  7. #7
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Jul 2007
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    أحيا في خيالي...في دنياي...في دنيا من صنع خيالي...أهرب إليها كلما عاندتني تلك الأيام التي نحياها
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    افتراضي

    شاكرة لكى
    نقلك لهذا الموضوع
    جزاكى الله خيرا

  8. #8
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Mar 2007
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    مصــــــــــــ ام الدنيا ــــــــــر
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    افتراضي

    اسعدنى مروركم الطيب اخوانى .... الله يوفقكم


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