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الموضوع: Allergies and Asthma

  1. #1
    تاريخ التسجيل
    May 2006
    الدولة
    أرض الإســــراء
    المشاركات
    129

    Allergies and Asthma

    Allergies and Asthma

    Asthma attacks (worsening of asthma symptoms) can be triggered by allergies, which can temporarily increase the inflammation of the airways in a susceptible person.
    What Is an Allergy?
    Allergies are the immune system's reaction when exposed to what is otherwise a harmless substance, such as plant pollen, mold or animal hair, skin or saliva. For people with allergies, the immune system treats these substances, called "allergens," as if they are harmful, causing a disruption to normal body functions.
    What Allergies Cause Asthma?
    Inhaled Allergens. The most important allergens for people with asthma appear to be those that are inhaled. Those include:
    • Animal dander (skin, saliva)
    • Dust mites
    • Cockroach particles
    • Mold
    • Pollen
    Medical experts recommend that all people with asthma try to identify possible inhaled allergens that they are sensitive to.
    Food Allergies. Food allergies rarely cause asthma. But, the most common foods associated with allergic symptoms are:
    • Eggs
    • Milk
    • Peanuts
    • Soy
    • Wheat
    • Fish
    • Shrimp and other shellfish
    Food preservatives can also trigger asthma. Additives, such as sodium bisulfite, potassium bisulfite, sodium metabisulfite, potassium metabisulfite, and sodium sulfite, are commonly used in food processing or preparation and can be found in foods such as:
    • Dried fruits or vegetables
    • Potatoes (packaged and some prepared)
    • Wine and beer
    • Bottled lime or lemon juice
    • Shrimp (fresh, frozen, or prepared)
    • Pickled foods
    In most people, the usual symptoms of food allergy are hives, rash, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. If you have a food allergy that triggers an asthma attack, you will likely experience these allergy symptoms, followed by wheezing. And if not caught quickly, anaphylaxis -- swelling of the throat, cutting off the airway -- may result.
    If you suspect that certain foods may be triggering your asthma, discuss this with your doctor. Allergy skin testing can be done to determine if you are allergic to these foods.
    What Do I Do If I Have Allergies?
    Try not to come into contact with the substance you are allergic to. Here are some tips to help you avoid some of the most common allergens.
    Dust Mites
    • Encase pillows, mattresses, and box springs with allergen-proof, zippered covers.
    • Wash all bedding in hot water once a week.
    • Non-carpeted flooring is best. If you cannot get rid of your carpeting, vacuum often with a multi-layer, allergen-proof vacuum bag. Wear a mask while vacuuming. If your child has asthma, do not vacuum while he or she is in the room. Products that eliminate dust mites from carpeting (such as Acarosan) can be purchased. Your asthma care provider can give you information about these products.
    • Avoid curtains and drapes. Use plain window shades instead of mini-blinds. Washable curtains should be washed in hot water every 2 to 4 weeks.
    • Dust all surfaces with a damp cloth often, including lampshades and windowsills.
    • Keep clutter under control. Toys and books should be stored in enclosed bookshelves, drawers or closets.
    • Replace traditional stuffed animals with washable stuffed animals.
    • Keep all clothing in drawers and closets. Keep drawers and closets closed.
    • Cover air ducts with filters or cheesecloth. Change these when soiled.
    • Pillows and bedding should not contain feathers.
    • Keep indoor humidity low (25%-50%). Use a dehumidifier.
    • Regularly change filters on heaters and air conditioners.
    Mold and Mildew
    • Air out damp, humid areas frequently. Run a dehumidifier to keep humidity between 25% and 50%.
    • Use air conditioners when possible.
    • Clean bathrooms regularly using products that kill and prevent mold. Use exhaust fans to vent steam. Do not carpet the bathroom.
    • Keep indoor plants out of bedrooms.
    • When painting, add mold inhibitor to paint to prevent mold from growing.
    • Avoid sources of outdoor molds, such as wet leaves or garden debris.
    Insects. Many homes and apartments have cockroaches and other insects. Some people with asthma are allergic to them. To control these allergens in your home:
    • Use roach baits or traps.
    • Insect sprays can be used, but should only be sprayed when no one is at home. Before you or your child returns home after spraying, make sure that your home has been aired out for a couple of hours.
    Pollens. Pollens are difficult to avoid because they cannot be eliminated from the atmosphere. You can lessen your or your child's exposure to pollens by:
    • Limiting your or your child's outdoor activities during times of high pollen, such as early morning.
    • Keeping windows closed during pollen seasons.
    • Using air conditioning if possible.
    Pet Dander
    • It is best not to own any pets if you or your child is highly allergic.
    • Long visits to friends and family who own pets should be avoided. If you do visit, make sure you or your child takes asthma medicines before the visit. Exposure to the pets should be kept to a minimum when visiting.
    • If you must have a cat or dog in the home, restrict its living area. It should not be allowed in your or your child's bedroom at any time. If possible, keep the pet outside.
    • Wash your pet weekly.
    • Remove as much carpeting as possible. Animal dander deposits in the carpet and stays there, even after the pet is gone from the home.
    Avoiding food triggers can be challenging. It is important to always read food labels and, when dining out, ask how foods are prepared.
    Consider Allergy Shots. The second thing you can do is to train your immune system to not overreact. Doctors do this by giving you allergy shots (also called allergen immunotherapy). An allergy shot is a small amount of the substance that causes your allergy. By giving repeated shots of the substance over a period of time, your immune system eventually stops causing the allergic reaction. Ask your doctor if you are a candidate for allergy shots.

  2. افتراضي

    Thanks Very Much

  3. #3
    تاريخ التسجيل
    May 2006
    الدولة
    أرض الإســــراء
    المشاركات
    129

    افتراضي

    لا شكر على واجب إن شاء الله أقدر أقدم المفيد للجميع


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