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الموضوع: • المعدلات الطبيعية للتحاليل الطبية

  1. #1

    افتراضي • المعدلات الطبيعية للتحاليل الطبية

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    Hematology Values
    HEMATOCRIT (HCT)
    Normal Adult Female Range: 37 - 47%
    Optimal Adult Female Reading: 42%
    Normal Adult Male Range 40 - 54%
    Optimal Adult Male Reading: 47
    Normal Newborn Range: 50 - 62%
    Optimal Newborn Reading: 56



    HEMOGLOBIN (HGB)
    Normal Adult Female Range: 12 - 16 g/dl
    Optimal Adult Female Reading: 14 g/dl
    Normal Adult Male Range: 14 - 18 g/dl
    Optimal Adult Male Reading: 16 g/dl
    Normal Newborn Range: 14 - 20 g/dl
    Optimal Newborn Reading: 17 g/dl



    MCH (Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin)
    Normal Adult Range: 27 - 33 pg
    Optimal Adult Reading: 30



    MCV (Mean Corpuscular Volume)
    Normal Adult Range: 80 - 100 fl
    Optimal Adult Reading: 90
    Higher ranges are found in newborns and infants



    MCHC (Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration)
    Normal Adult Range: 32 - 36 %
    Optimal Adult Reading: 34
    Higher ranges are found in newborns and infants


    R.B.C. (Red Blood Cell Count)
    Normal Adult Female Range: 3.9 - 5.2 mill/mcl
    Optimal Adult Female Reading: 4.55
    Normal Adult Male Range: 4.2 - 5.6 mill/mcl
    Optimal Adult Male Reading: 4.9
    Lower ranges are found in Children, newborns and infants


    W.B.C. (White Blood Cell Count)
    Normal Adult Range: 3.8 - 10.8 thous/mcl
    Optimal Adult Reading: 7.3
    Higher ranges are found in children, newborns and infants.


    PLATELET COUNT
    Normal Adult Range: 130 - 400 thous/mcl
    Optimal Adult Reading: 265
    Higher ranges are found in children, newborns and infants


    NEUTROPHILS and NEUTROPHIL COUNT - this is the main defender of the bodyagainst infection and antigens. High levels may indicate an active infection.
    Normal Adult Range: 48 - 73 %
    Optimal Adult Reading: 60.5
    Normal Children’s Range: 30 - 60 %
    Optimal Children’s Reading: 45


    LYMPHOCYTES and LYMPHOCYTE COUNT - Elevated levels may indicate an active viralinfections such as measles, rubella, chickenpox, or infectious mononucleosis.
    Normal Adult Range: 18 - 48 %
    Optimal Adult Reading: 33
    Normal Children’s Range: 25 - 50 %
    Optimal Children’s Reading: 37.5


    MONOCYTES and MONOCYTE COUNT - Elevated levels are seen in tissue breakdown orchronic infections, carcinomas, leukemia (monocytic) or lymphomas.
    Normal Adult Range: 0 - 9 %
    Optimal Adult Reading: 4.5


    EOSINOPHILS and EOSINOPHIL COUNT
    - Elevated levels may indicate an allergicreactions or parasites.
    Normal Adult Range: 0 - 5 %
    Optimal Adult Reading: 2.5


    BASOPHILS and BASOPHIL COUNT - Basophilic activity is not fully understood butit is known to carry histamine, heparin and serotonin. High levels are found inallergic reactions.
    Normal Adult Range: 0 - 2 %
    Optimal Adult Reading: 1
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    Electrolyte Values
    SODIUM - Sodium is the most abundant cation in the blood and its chief base. Itfunctions in the body to maintain osmotic pressure, acid-base balance and totransmit nerve impulses. Very Low value: seizure and Neurologic Sx.
    Normal Adult Range: 135-146 mEq/L
    Optimal Adult Reading: 140.5



    POTASSIUM - Potassium is the major intracellular cation. Very low value:Cardiac arythemia.
    Normal Range: 3.5 - 5.5 mEq/L
    Optimal Adult Reading: 4.5



    CHLORIDE - Elevated levels are related to acidosis as well as too much watercrossing the cell membrane. Decreased levels with decreased serum albumin mayindicate water deficiency crossing the cell membrane (edema).
    Normal Adult Range: 95-112 mEq/L
    Optimal Adult Reading: 103



    CO2 (Carbon Dioxide) - The CO2 level is related to the respiratory exchange ofcarbon dioxide in the lungs and is part of the bodies buffering system.Generally when used with the other electrolytes, it is a good indicator ofacidosis and alkalinity.
    Normal Adult Range: 22-32 mEq/L
    Optimal Adult Reading: 27
    Normal Childrens Range - 20 - 28 mEq/L
    Optimal Childrens Reading: 24



    CALCIUM - involved in bone metabolism, protein absorption, fat transfermuscular contraction, transmission of nerve impulses, blood clotting andcardiac function. Regulated by parathyroid.
    Normal Adult Range: 8.5-10.3 mEq/dl
    Optimal Adult Reading: 9.4



    PHOSPHORUS - Generally inverse with Calcium.
    Normal Adult Range: 2.5 - 4.5 mEq/dl
    Optimal Adult Reading: 3.5
    Normal Childrens Range: 3 - 6 mEq/dl
    Optimal Childrens Range: 4.5



    ANION GAP (Sodium + Potassium - CO2 + Chloride) - An increased measurement isassociated with metabolic acidosis due to the overproduction of acids (a stateof alkalinity is in effect). Decreased levels may indicate metabolic alkalosisdue to the overproduction of alkaloids (a state of acidosis is in effect).
    Normal Adult Range: 4 - 14 (calculated)
    Optimal Adult Reading: 9


    CALCIUM/PHOSPHORUS Ratio
    Normal Adult Range: 2.3 - 3.3 (calculated)
    Optimal Adult Reading: 2.8
    Normal Children’s range: 1.3 - 3.3 (calculated)
    Optimal Children’s Reading: 2.3


    SODIUM/POTASSIUM
    Normal Adult Range: 26 - 38 (calculated)
    Optimal Adult Reading: 32

  2. #2
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Aug 2012
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    افتراضي

    شكرا للمعلومات الرائعه والطرح المميز

  3. #3

    افتراضي

    Having type 2 diabetes appears to give post-menopausal women a 27% higher risk of developing breast cancer, according to a new study. While the link may be indirectly associated with being overweight, a known risk factor for both diseases, the researchers don't rule out that type 2 diabetes may affect breast cancer risk directly

  4. #4

    افتراضي

    شكرا على الطرح المميز
    بارك الله فيك

  5. #5

    افتراضي

    اللي عنده البي سي ار صفر
    كم يكون معدل الاجسام المضادة
    هيبتايتس سي فايروس


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