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الموضوع: برزنتيشن عن السكر بالنقلش

  1. #1
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Mar 2010
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    5 برزنتيشن عن السكر بالنقلش

    كان مطلوب مني برزنتيشن عن مرض السكر وبحثت عنه وضبطته وقدمته لاالدكتوره وعجبها واخذت عليه الفل مارك عشان كذا حبيت انزله لكم ممكن احد يستفيد منه ...

    Definition :Is a rise in blood sugar due to lack of the hormone insulin, or that there was resistance to the hormone, despite its presence or both



    Types :


    There are three types of


    1- D.M type 1


    * Often affects young


    * Weight is normal or lower than normal


    * The body is antibodies to the cells that secrete insulin (Autoantibodies) This is the cause of the disease


    * Period of onset of symptoms not exceeding one month


    * There is Kithonih antibodies in the urine (Ketonurea)


    2- D.M type 2


    * Affects the elderly often


    Weight is plus .. The sense of excessive obesity (obese)*


    * The body does not have antibodies to the cells that produce insulin (No Autoantibodies)


    * Period of onset of symptoms from month to one year


    No objects Kithonih in the urine (No Ketonurea)*


    3- Secondary


    The sense that you have diabetes, either because of another disease such as (Cushing syndrome - Acromegaly) .. Be due to medication or take him to another disease such as (Thiazides) .. Or because the eradication of the pancreas …



    Causes :


    1- Genetics


    2- Automatic immune against insulin


    3- Obesity


    4- Viral infections


    Risk factors for diabetes :


    Risk factors for diabetes- 1- Family history with diabetes .. In the sense that there is one of your relatives carrying the same disease


    2- Obesity


    3- pressure


    4- lack of exercise


    Symptoms & signs :


    1- Frequent urine (Polyuria)


    2- Frequent drinking water (Polydipsia)


    (3- eating too much (Polyphagia


    4- low pressure (Hypotension)


    5- Increased heart rate (Tachycardia)


    6- rapid breathing (Hyperventilation)


    7- Weight loss


    8- increased fatigue (Fatigue)


    9- blurred vision (Blurred vision)



    Methods of protection


    1- Choose healthy foods .. Multicultural flair is full of fiber, reducing sweets and foods that contain a high percentage of sugars


    2- do sport regularly


    3- stop smoking


    4- stop the abuse of alcohol


    5- Weight Loss


    Tests the crisis to make sure that the presence of diabetes


    (1- Analysis of blood sugar (Blood glucose test


    2- Analysis of sugar urine (Urine glucose test)


    - 3- Glycosylated hemoglobin measurement


    4- Glucose Tolerance Test (GTT) is the most important one .. The way is through you make the patient fast from the night and take his morning analysis of blood and urine .. And then give the patient 75 grams of glucose dissolved in 300 ml of water to drink it in 5 minutes .. It then analyzes the patient again after two hours .. Here are the reading depending on the person in front of you if he is healthy or not .. Supposed to be a normal value after two hours .. But if the high Vsahbna has this disease
    التعديل الأخير تم بواسطة توته فوشيه ; 06-04-2010 الساعة 06:39 AM

  2. #2
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Mar 2010
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    افتراضي

    Symptoms of decline in the level of sugar in the blood


    A feeling of weakness, dizziness, confusion, hunger, paleness, headaches, tension, chills and sweating, rapid heartbeat, and in severe cases may lose consciousness and becomes comatose.


    And this situation often from complications of diabetes.



    Reasons for the low level of sugar in the blood


    *Increasing the dose of insulin or pills


    *Delaying or delete one of the meals


    *Eat less than required and not commensurate with the dosage of the drug user.


    The practice of physical effort is greatly exaggerated *


    *The level of sugar required to access it from one person to another depending on the age and situation



    Treatment decrease in the level of sugar in the blood


    By eating or drinking anything that contains sugar such as sweets, juices, or soft drinks


    In serious cases may need a doctor to inject the hormone glucagon to treat the emergency.


    You should get medical help fast if the person does not respond rapidly to treatment of the situation .


    Symptoms of high blood sugar level


    Frequent urination*


    Tiredness*


    Blurred in the eye*


    *A sense of thirst


    *Loss of appetite


    *Abnormal behavior and the occurrence of fainting


    *Concern


    Difficulty in breathing*


    Heat in the feet*


    * Baltnumeil feeling in the limbs and face


    *Smell like the smell of acetone, a fermented fruit of the mouth


    * A feeling of pain in the stomach


    Nausea and the desire to vomit*


    Treatment of high blood sugar


    Commitment to comfort, not to exercise any muscular effort*


    Eating too much sugar-free liquids*


    Regularity eating meals*


    Eat small meals every two hours or three hours if you feel sick*


    Consistency in taking medication prescribed by a doctor*


    When a vomiting does not need to come to the hospital*


    Give insulin net in the event of ketones as prescribed*


    *Check blood sugar and ketones constantly, and when you rise you should consult a doctor immediately

  3. #3
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Mar 2010
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    افتراضي

    Nursing management :


    1-Maintaining the balance of fluids :


    A - fluid entering and leaving must be measured and intravenous fluids given to patients as ordered by the doctor and the patient should be encouraged on liquids by mouth.


    B - lab tests, especially sodium and potassium should work and record


    C - vital signs must be recorded to detect symptoms of drought strikes, a speed pulse and low blood pressure



    2- Correction of metabolic disorders :


    A - the proportion of sugar must be measured before the meal and at bedtime


    B - insulin is given according to doctor's orders


    C - glucose tablets used to treat drop in blood sugar


    D - dose of insulin should give and not more than every 3-4 hours


    E - the patient is encouraged to eat full meals and light


    And - Coordinating with the nutritionist to give snacks before physical activity


    G - important for the nurse to emphasize that insulin is changed according to need and according to the diagnostic tests and other measures



    3- Patient Education:


    A - the patient must learn the skills they contain (to give insulin - the enrollment of blood sugar - the proportion of ketone - food)


    B - to identify the prevention of complications


    C - to identify the location of access to treatment and when to contact your doctor


    D - If the patient does not have any signs of complications of diabetes, the time of diagnosis of the disease must learn preventive care such as foot care and contacts



    4-Teaching the patient home care:


    A - Adaut custom used to teach special skills such as diabetes, a bottle of insulin and insulin preparation


    B - the family must learn how to help the patient's metabolism, in particular mobilization syringe and recording the proportion of diabetes in the blood


    C - the follow-up of the nurse to the patient at home


    D - put into consideration the physical conditions and physical of the patient


    E - must be put into consideration some patients, different dates and meals from Iemb evenings and sleeps through the night



    5- Removal of concern:


    Psychological care to the patient and try to answer all his questions




    Healthy food for diabetics



    Should contain food for diabetes patients of all key nutrients are carbohydrates, fats and proteins in addition to vitamins, minerals and fiber.


    Diabetics are advised to distribute daily calories (the amount of food daily) on the three main meals and other meals, including light and that carbohydrates constitute the bulk of the amount of food.




    Foot care for diabetic



    1- Wash the feet daily and dry up, particularly among the fingers


    2- Make sure that the water temperature is not hot or too cold before putting the feet in it


    3- The use of vegetable oils for moisturizing dry places. Not to put oil or cream to moisturize between the toes


    4- Nails cut horizontally with the use of the file instead of scissors to trim the nails


    5- Examination of the feet regularly and use a mirror to check the soles of the feet and to observe any cracks or dry them and make sure that the temperature of the feet are normal


    6- Non-use of narrow shoes preferably with syrup of cotton make sure that no boot from sharp objects or gravel


    7- Not to walk barefoot


    8- Not attempt to treat wounds or remove the skin or nail fossil foot without consulting a therapist feet


    9- Attendance to follow the instructions to maintain therapeutic blood sugar and cholesterol in the normal range


    10- To refrain from smoking


    11- Review therapist feet in the appearance of any wounds or infections of the feet
    التعديل الأخير تم بواسطة توته فوشيه ; 06-04-2010 الساعة 06:43 AM


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